Monday, November 5, 2012

Spanish Present Tense Verbs

A correctly worded Spanish sentence has verb that go through a process called conjugation. Conjugation is what helps the sentence have verbal agreement. This means that the verb, tense, and pronouns need to agree. The pronouns are pretty simple. They are basically
Yo- I
Él, Ella, Usted- He, She, or You (Formal)
Nosotros/Nosotras- We
Vosotros/Vosotras- You all (yah'll) (Informal) (Used mainly in Spain)
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes- They (masculine and feminine) and you all (formal)
All original verbs end in a vowel followed by the letter "r". The combination will either be -ar, -er, or -ir. Each of these are conjugated slightly different.

Common verbs
There are a few verbs that are very common and tend to stick by the standard pattern of conjugation. These are called "regular verbs." A few are:
Bailar- to dance
Cantar- to sing
Comer- to eat
Correr- to run
Escribir- to write
Vivir- to live
When conjugating regular verbs you simply drop the "ar", "er", or "ir" and then attach the correct ending that agrees with the prounoun.

-Ar verbs

A regular Spanish present tense -Ar verb will be conjugated in a simple pattern. We will use the verb "hablar" as an example.
Yo hablo- I speak.
Tú hablas- You speak. (Informal)
Él habla- He speaks.
Ella habla- She speaks.
Usted habla. -You speak. (Formal)
Nosotros/Nosotras hablamos. -We (feminine or masculine) speak.
Vosotros/Vosotras habláis- Yah'll speak. (Informal)
Ellos/Ellas hablan. -They speak.
Ustedes hablan. -You speak. (Formal)
-Er verbsWe will use the verb comer (to eat) as an example of -er present tense verbs.
Yo como. -I eat.
Tú comes. -You eat. (Informal)
Él come. -He eats.
Ella come. -She eats.
Usted come. -You eat. (Formal)
Nosotros/Nosotras comemos. -We eat.
Vosotros/Vosotras coméis. -Yah'll eat.
Ellos/Ellas comen. -They eat.
Ustedes comen. -You all eat. (Formal)

-Ir verbsVivir (to live) is a good example of a regular Spanish verb ending in -ir.
Yo vivo. -I live.
Tú vives. -You live. (informal)
Él vive. -He lives.
Ella vive. -She lives.
Usted vive. -You live. (formal)
Nosotros/Nosotras vivimos. -We live.
Vosotros/Vosotras vivís. -Yah'll live.
Ellos/Ellas viven. -They live.
Ustedes viven. -You all live.

No comments:

Post a Comment